Health is expensive, but when ill it can cost more. Therefore, prevention is better than cure. As a preventive measure, medical check-up can be done to determine the health condition, as well as detect an illness from an early age.
The earlier a disease is detected, the faster the help can be given. In this way, the disease does not progress to a more serious stage, while preventing more complicated help.
Medical check-ups are required by women and men, both young and old. People who look healthy also need to do medical check-ups, especially to check the level of health and the possibility of a serious illness that has not shown symptoms.
In general, the following can be a checklist of things checked through a medical check-up.
An abnormal body mass index (BMI) can trigger various illnesses. Obesity may increase the risk of stroke, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, hypertension, and cancer. While the physical condition is too thin at risk of weakening the immune system, resulting in osteoporosis, and anemia. Therefore, it is important to check BMI every 2 years for people under 50 years and once a year for age above 50 years.
Actually, the BMI can be calculated on their own at home. How: weight (kg) / height (m) 2. The normal BMI for Asian populations is 18.5 to 22.9. But if you experience weight loss drastically, obesity, or have an abnormal BMI, immediately consult a doctor to handle it.
This test is done for people aged 45 years and over, at least every three years. However, if you have a risk of diabetes, consult your doctor for immediate testing, and more often eg every year.
In addition, if you experience symptoms such as weight dropping drastically for no apparent reason, often feeling thirsty and hungry, tingling in the hands or feet, and frequent urination, immediately do this test to confirm the possibility of diabetes. Before performing the test, you are advised to fast for 8 hours. The fasting blood sugar test will show one of the following results:
Normal: 70-100 mg / dL
Pre-diabetes: 100-125 mg / dL
Diabetes: ≥ 126 mg / dL
Normal blood pressure for age under 60 years is upper (systolic) less than 140 mm Hg and lower (diastolic) number less than 90, or read 140/90. While at the age above 60 years, the normal standard is less than 150/90 mm Hg. Blood pressure above normal numbers means hypertension (high blood pressure).
For normal people, tests can be done every 1-2 years. While people who have hypertension or hypotension need to test every year or more often.
Cholesterol is basically the type of fat the body needs, but excessive amounts can clog blood vessels and trigger heart disease and stroke. Normal cholesterol is as follows:
Good cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein / HDL) should be above 60 mg / dL.
Bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein / LDL) should be below 100 mg / dL.
Triglycerides should be less than 150 mg / dL.
Total cholesterol should be below 200mg / dL.
For people with normal health conditions, the test can be done every 5 years, starting at the age of 35 years. But if you are obese, have diabetes or hypertension, have a history of heart disease or stroke in the family, smoking, this test can start from the age of 20 years and need more often. Like the blood sugar test, cholesterol tests require blood sampling.
The heart is one of the vital organs in the human body. The cardiac examination can be done by electrocardiogram (ECG) test or known as heart record. Tests performed to determine the electrical activity of the heart. With this test can be detected any abnormal heartbeat or other disorders such as blocked blood vessels. This test is performed if you experience symptoms of heart disease, such as pain in the chest or palpitations.
Check your eyes every 1-2 years, especially if you have vision problems. In addition to vision impairment, examination of the child aims to see the possibility of lazy eye or eye squint. Whereas in adults, the examination can know the condition:
Retinopathy, damage to blood vessels behind the eyes for example due to diabetes.
Glaucoma, optic nerve damage as well as increased eye pressure.
Cataracts, foggy eyes.
Related tests may include: