AIDS is a collection of symptoms caused by HIV infection (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) that causes loss of immunity so that people are easily infected with infectious diseases. And in fact, it was found that what caused the AIDS sufferer died was because of the illness of opportunistic infection and not because of HIV infection itself.
Immunodeficiency is a state where there is a decrease or absence of a normal immune response. This condition may occur in a primary manner, which is generally caused by genetically inherited abnormalities, as well as secondary to other major diseases such as infection, chemotherapy treatment, cytostatics, radiation, immunosuppressant drugs (immunosuppressant) or in old age and malnutrition (Malnutrition). AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome occurs secondary immunodeficiency caused by HIV infection. Lack of body immunity can be seen from the levels of CD4 (less than 200) in the body.
The course of HIV infection clinics is divided into three stages namely, acute stage lasting for 3-12 weeks, latent/chronic stage that lasts between the first year to the seventh, and the crisis stage that occurs in the eighth to the eleventh year.
A person is said to have AIDS when showing a positive HIV test with an appropriate examination and at least two major symptoms and one minor symptom, and these symptoms are not caused by other conditions associated with HIV infection
Weight loss decreased by more than 10% in 1 month
Prolonged diarrhea lasting more than one month
A prolonged fever of more than one month
Decreased awareness and neurological disorders (nerves)
Dementia (memory degradation) / HIV encephalopathy
A cough persists for more than one month
Generalized itching dermatitis
The presence of herpes zoster disease in some places and or recurrent
Oropharyngeal candidiasis – Fungal disease in the oral cavity and esophagus
Generalized lymphadenopathy – Enlargement in all lymph nodes
Repeated fungal infections of female genitals
Treatment given to AIDS sufferers is causal therapy (Causes), supportive therapy to improve the general state of the patient, and therapy for opportunistic infections. As a causal therapy is given antiretroviral (ARV). An indication of ARV delivery is evidence of HIV infection with symptoms or HIV infection with CD4 (one of the immune system) tests below 500 / mL.
Until now it has not found a treatment to completely eliminate HIV infection of the virus in the patient’s body. However, treatment with antiretroviral drugs is able to suppress the amount of HIV virus until the virus does not cause symptoms in the body of an HIV-infected person. So, someone who takes ARV drugs on a regular basis, it is possible to live like a normal person. Herbal treatment for HIV is not recommended because it is proven to be healing, and can lead to severe and life-threatening complications.
To find out if a person has been infected with HIV, several laboratory tests may be performed. The current examination often used is an antibody test, the test is easy to administer and the cost is low. If the antibody test found positive results, then the examination should be repeated and if still positive confirmation test done by Western Blot test. If Western Blot is not available, then the results are tested positive if the antibody test shows three positive results. Conversely, a negative result can mean a person is not infected with HIV or is still in a window period.
Thus we convey this information, may be useful.