The hormone insulin is an important part of the body’s metabolic system. Without the hormone insulin, the body will stop functioning.
Insulin is a natural hormone produced by the pancreas. When we eat, the pancreas releases the insulin hormone that allows the body to convert glucose into energy and spread throughout the body. This one hormone also helps the body store that energy.
Importance of Insulin Hormone in Controlling Blood Sugar – alodokter
Familiar Blood Sugar and Insulin
Insulin helps control blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body. You do this by signaling the fat, muscle, and liver cells to take glucose from the blood and turn it into glycogen (muscle fat) in muscle cells, triglycerides in fat cells, and both in liver cells. It is a form of energy source stored by the body.
As long as the pancreas produces enough insulin and the body can use it properly, blood sugar levels will always always be in a healthy range. Because in essence, too much or too little glucose is bad for health.
Blood glucose buildup (hyperglycemia) can cause complications such as kidney and nerve damage, and eye problems. While too little glucose in the blood (hypoglycemia) can make us feel tired, irritable, confused, to lose consciousness, aka fainting.
And if insulin in the blood is not enough, the cells of the body will begin to starve. Insulin that is not enough means glucose cannot be broken down and means the cell cannot use it. As a result, the fat begins to be broken down to make energy. The process then results in a buildup of chemicals called ketones.
Ketones that accumulate in the blood and urine are very dangerous because it can trigger ketoacidosis conditions in diabetics. Ketoacidosis can even be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Symptoms include frequent urination for one or more days, stomach pain, feeling very thirsty and tired, vomiting, shortness of breath, heart rate rise, dizziness, drowsiness, to loss of consciousness.
If Insulin Interfered
If production or insulin work is compromised, some of these diseases or conditions may strike you:
Diabetes mellitus. The disease in which blood sugar levels become too high due to the body’s inability to break down glucose into energy. Glucose cannot be changed because the amount of insulin in the body is not enough, or the resulting insulin does not work properly.
Insulinoma, a small tumor in the pancreas to make the production of insulin becomes excessive.
Metabolic syndrome, a group of risk factors that can increase the risk of heart disease and other health problems such as stroke and diabetes. The condition in which insulin does not work lowers blood sugar levels, or so-called insulin resistance can also increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance causes high blood sugar levels.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common condition that affects ovarian work. PCOS is associated with abnormal levels of hormones in the body, including high levels of insulin. Many women with PCOS also experience insulin resistance. As a result, the body produces more insulin.
Insulin is one of the important hormones in the body. Without the hormone insulin, cells will lack energy and have to find alternative energy sources. As a result, life-threatening complications can occur.