In medical science, the content of sugar and glucose in the blood is called blood sugar. Normal blood sugar levels in the body are important for the performance and health of the body.
But different story if levels are too high or low. Blood levels that are too high or low can have adverse effects both in the short term and long term.
What Happens If Blood Sugar Too High?
Your blood sugar level is too high if it exceeds 200 mg / dL. In medical science, too high blood sugar levels are called hyperglycemia.
This condition occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or due to insulin resistance, the hormone released by the pancreas. Insulin works to spread the sugar in the blood to all body cells in order to become energy.
This condition is halid by diabetics who can not lead a healthy lifestyle, such as eating too much, lack of exercise, or forgetting to take diabetes or insulin drugs. Other conditions that cause hyperglycemia in diabetes are:
Taking steroid medications.
Normal people who do not have diabetes can also develop hyperglycemia if exposed to moderate pain.
Signs You have too high blood sugar levels appetite, crazy appetite, reduced body weight, often feel thirsty, and frequent urination.
If your blood sugar level exceeds 350 mg / dL, the symptoms you feel are like anxiety, decreased awareness, deep thirst, unclear vision, and dizziness. Changes in skin conditions can also be seen, such as reddening, drying, and feeling hot.
In addition to suffering these things, blood sugar levels are too high, disorders that never get treatment can also cause serious harm such as diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar diabetes syndrome.
In addition, you can also have infections of teeth and gums, skin problems, osteoporosis, kidney failure, nerve damage, blindness, and cardiovascular disease.
What Happens If Blood Sugar Is Too Low?
Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar levels are below 70 mg / dL. This condition is also common in diabetics. Side effects of drugs used to treat diabetes can lower excessive sugar levels.
Insulin in diabetics generally does not work well. Therefore, diabetics are required to consume insulin or drugs that can lower blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, because many consume a lot, insulin or antidiabetic drugs can make blood sugar dropped dramatically.
Hypoglycemia will occur quickly if insulin or antidiabetic drugs are not accompanied by adequate food intake or no eating at all. Excessive sports can also be removed this condition.
This condition can also be experienced by people who are not diabetics. Some of the possible causes of hypoglycemia, among others:
Consume too much alcohol.
Critical illness, such as hepatitis, anorexia nervosa, or rare tumors of the pancreas.
Lack of certain hormones
Take anti-diabetic drugs of others or drugs such as quinine.
If your blood sugar level is low, your body will be weak and not energized. The signs you can feel our skin turning pale, sweating, starving, concerned, palpitations, tingling in the mouth area, anxiety, and irritability. The impact that you will experience when blood sugar levels are too low (below 40 mg / dL), among others:
It’s hard to concentrate.
Can not stand or walk.
Let’s Check Your Blood Sugar
How to know your blood sugar level by doing a blood test. This test is useful for monitoring the sugar levels in your body so as not to get out of normal.
Blood sugar tests can be done at home with. You can also do a blood sugar test at the hospital. There are several types of blood tests that can be done:
Blood sugar test you want fast. You are required to fast eight hours before blood sampling. This test is often used to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance test (TTGO). In this test, you will be given a certain amount of glucose and two hours later, your blood sugar levels will be checked.
A1c hemoglobin test or glychemhemlobin. This test is done to determine blood sugar levels that are in red blood cells. The results of this test can give information about your sugar levels during the last 2-3 months. This test allows doctors to change o-drugs
A1c hemoglobin test or glychemhemlobin. This test is done to determine blood sugar levels that are in red blood cells. The results of this test can give information about your sugar levels during the last 2-3 months. This test makes it easy for doctors to change one’s diabetes medication if needed. Unlike before, you do not need to undergo any special preparation to perform this test.
Random blood sugar test. This test can be done anytime. Blood sugar levels may vary depending on the person’s diet and when they last consumed the food before the test. Therefore, you do not need to do special preparation before the test is done. Because of its timeless nature, this trial is very useful because generally, blood sugar levels in healthy people do not differ much throughout the day. If your blood sugar levels differ significantly, then there may be health problems. In addition to the hospital, this test can also be done at home using a blood sugar test kit.
Consult the doctor what tests are suitable for you to live. Also, ask your doctor about the risks or other matters related to the test.
Then How Blood Sugar Level Normal?
Normal blood sugar levels are not always the same, depending on when the test you are living and the condition of your body. Things like consuming alcohol or caffeine can affect blood sugar levels. The following are normal blood sugar levels. But this is only because once a laboratory has a different benchmark.
If you take a two-hour test after a meal, the normal sugar content is less than 140 mg / dL or 7.8 mmol / L. This number is applicable to people under 50 years of age. For those aged 50-60 years, the normal level is less than 150 mg / dL or 8.3 mmol / L. If you are 60 years and over, the normal blood sugar level is 160 mg / dL or 8.9 mmol / L.
If you do a fasting blood sugar test, your normal blood sugar levels can be less than or equal to 100 mg / dL or 5.6 mmol / L.
If you do a blood sugar test, then the results cannot be equated. Sleep depends on when and what you eat before taking the test. However, if the normal cholesterol levels are in the numbers 80-120 mg / dL or 4.4-6.6 mmol / L (if doing the test before eating or after waking). If performing a test at bedtime, the normal rate is 100-140 mg / dL or 5,5-7,7 mmol / L.
If you have a hemoglobin test for blood sugar, the normal level is less than or about 7 percent.
Make sure you record test dates and results. What do you do or what you do before undergoing the test. By regularly checking sugar and healthy tests of healthy life, you can avoid the negative effects of high or low blood sugar levels.